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Are anabolic steroids illegal in Arizona?

Anabolic steroids are a controlled substance in Arizona. Possession or use without a doctor’s prescription comes with legal consequences. Understanding the legal implications can help you set expectations if you or anyone you know faces charges.

What are anabolic steroids?

Anabolic steroids are synthetic variations of testosterone. Medically, this is a treatment drug for testosterone production disorders, delayed puberty, low red blood cell count, breast cancer and body wasting.

These steroids can increase your risk for heart disease and other cardiac complications. Taking them long-term can also cause high cholesterol and liver damage and dysfunction. They have also been proven to affect your mood and make you more aggressive.

However, because of its effects on endurance, muscle size and strength, some people have begun using steroids to boost muscle mass or athletic performance illicitly. As a result, the US Congress passed the Anabolic Steroids Control Act of 1990, which classified anabolic steroids as Schedule III drugs.

Legal penalties

Arizona considers anabolic steroids a “dangerous drug,” and illegal possession carries potential criminal charges. The severity depends on the circumstances. Here are some examples:

  • Class 1 Misdemeanor: This is the likely outcome for a first offense, especially if it’s a small amount for personal use. Penalties can include up to 6 months in jail, a fine of up to $2,500 and probation.
  • Class 4 Felony: This is a more serious charge that could result in up to 2.5 years in prison, a fine of up to $250,000 and a permanent criminal record. It will apply if you have a prior felony conviction or caught with a larger quantity of steroids.

It is also unlawful for any person to knowingly dispense, sell, or deliver anabolic steroids without a written prescription. An unauthorized sale of Schedule III drugs can lead to five to ten years in prison with a minimum fine of $5,000.

Beyond the law

Athletes who are caught using steroids face more than legal repercussions. Most sports organizations, including professional leagues, high school athletics and the NCAA, have strict anti-doping policies. A positive steroid test can lead to disqualification, suspension or even the stripping of existing sports titles.

The possession, sale and use of anabolic steroids in Arizona without prescription is illegal. Depending on the severity of your case, you may encounter different charges. If you are accused or arrested for having anabolic steroids in your possession, you may contact an experienced legal professional to help you understand your rights and navigate through the complexities of the case.